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Bangladesh at a Glance


Official Name: People?s Republic of Bangladesh

Nationality: Bangalees as a nation and Bangladeshi as citizen.

Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays.

International Dialing Code: +880

Standard Time : BST (GMT +6 Hours)

Capital CityDhaka



Population: 15.02 crores

Male : 7.635 crores

Female : 7.615 crores

Literacy Rate: 60%

Bangla (national language) spoken by 95%
English is widely understood and spoken.

Muslims ? 86.6%,
Hindus ? 12.1%,
Buddhists ? 0.6%,
Christians -0.4%,
Others -0.3%.

Age Structure:
0-14 years#33.8% (male 23,069,242#female 21,995,457)
15-64 years: 62.8% (male 42,924,778; female 40,873,077)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 2,444,314; female 2,069,816)

Population Growth Rate: 1.37%
Birth Rate / 1000 : 25.12 births/1,000 population
Death Rate / 1000 : 8.47 deaths/1,000 population

Gender Ratio (males per 100 females): 100.3

Fertility Rate: 2.30 children born/woman (Ref)

Ethnic Groups:
Bengalis (98%)
Other small ethnic groups (2%) including Chakma, Marma, Santal, Garo, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya.



Geographical Location:
Latitude between 2034′ and 2638′ North
Longitude between 8801′ and 9241′ East

Area: 147,570 sq. km. (land: 133,910 sq km, water: 10,090 sq km)



Land boundary:

North ? India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)
West ? India (West Bengal)
East ? India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar
South-Bay of Bengal.
Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km)
Coastline: 580 km

Maritime boundary:
Contiguous zone: 18 nm
Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm


Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

7 Divisions ? Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur
64 Districts
488 Subdistricts/Upazillas

Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.



Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon

Average Temperature:
Winter 11 C ? 20 C (October ? February)
Summer 21 C ? 38 C (March ? September)

Rainfall : 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June ? August)

Highest 99% (July)
Lowest 36% (December & January)



Recognitions: Bangladesh is one of the members of the Developing 8 and considered as the Next Eleven Economy of the world in 20 coined by Goldman Sachs.

GDP: $1,314 (per capita in 2015) (Ref)

GDP Growth Rate (%): 6.12 (2013-2014)

Poverty Level: 25% (People living with $2 per day)

Foreign Grant Dependency: 2%

Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.

Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.

Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing, etc.

Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.

Principal Minerals: Natural gas,oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.


Taka (BDT, Symbol = ৳)
1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and
# 50,25,10,5,1 in coins.

Labour Force:

Total: 54 million
Male: 38 million
Female: 16 million

Distribution of Labor:

Agriculture: 48.4 percent

Industry: 24.3 percent

Others: 27.3 percent

Transportation Methods: Road, Air, Rail, Waterways

Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli, and Mongla.

Historical Dates

Independence & National Day: 26th March

Victory Day: 16th December

Martyrs? Day: 21st February (also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)



Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox?s Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla.

Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox?s Bazar


Information Technology (IT)

  • Country Domain: .bd
  • Internet Penetration: 4.46 crores (29% of population)
  • Mobile Users: 12 crores, 37 lakhs (March 2015), Source:
  • Mobile Penetration: 80% of the population


Global Ranks of Bangladesh

  • 8th largest country in the world in terms of population
  • 4th largest country with Muslim population in the world and 3rd largest Muslim majority country
  • 7th most densely populated country in the world having more than 10 million population (Ref)
  • Situated on the Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world and also the largest wetland in the world
  • Cox?s Bazaar is the longest natural sandy sea beach in world
  • 2nd largest garments exporter in the world (Ref)
  • Largest producer of jute (2nd largest grower of vegetable fiber in the world)
  • Sundarbans (shared by Bangladesh and India) has the largest mangrove forest in the world

Contact Us

Bangladesh High Commission
03, Srimath R. G. Senanayake Mawatha (Old Gregory's Road)
Colombo 07, Sri Lanka
Tel: +94-11-269-5744/8
Fax: +94-11-269-5556

Copyright 2019 Bangladesh High Commission Colombo, Sri Lanka. All Rights Reserved.