Print Friendly and PDF

Bangladesh at a Glance


Official Name: People?s Republic of Bangladesh

Nationality: Bangalees as a nation and Bangladeshi as citizen.

Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays.

International Dialing Code: +880

Standard Time : BST (GMT +6 Hours)

Capital CityDhaka



Population: 15.02 crores

Male : 7.635 crores

Female : 7.615 crores

Literacy Rate: 60%

Bangla (national language) spoken by 95%
English is widely understood and spoken.

Muslims ? 86.6%,
Hindus ? 12.1%,
Buddhists ? 0.6%,
Christians -0.4%,
Others -0.3%.

Age Structure:
0-14 years#33.8% (male 23,069,242#female 21,995,457)
15-64 years: 62.8% (male 42,924,778; female 40,873,077)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 2,444,314; female 2,069,816)

Population Growth Rate: 1.37%
Birth Rate / 1000 : 25.12 births/1,000 population
Death Rate / 1000 : 8.47 deaths/1,000 population

Gender Ratio (males per 100 females): 100.3

Fertility Rate: 2.30 children born/woman (Ref)

Ethnic Groups:
Bengalis (98%)
Other small ethnic groups (2%) including Chakma, Marma, Santal, Garo, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya.



Geographical Location:
Latitude between 2034′ and 2638′ North
Longitude between 8801′ and 9241′ East

Area: 147,570 sq. km. (land: 133,910 sq km, water: 10,090 sq km)



Land boundary:

North ? India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)
West ? India (West Bengal)
East ? India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar
South-Bay of Bengal.
Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km)
Coastline: 580 km

Maritime boundary:
Contiguous zone: 18 nm
Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm


Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

7 Divisions ? Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur
64 Districts
488 Subdistricts/Upazillas

Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.



Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon

Average Temperature:
Winter 11 C ? 20 C (October ? February)
Summer 21 C ? 38 C (March ? September)

Rainfall : 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June ? August)

Highest 99% (July)
Lowest 36% (December & January)



Recognitions: Bangladesh is one of the members of the Developing 8 and considered as the Next Eleven Economy of the world in 20 coined by Goldman Sachs.

GDP: $1,314 (per capita in 2015) (Ref)

GDP Growth Rate (%): 6.12 (2013-2014)

Poverty Level: 25% (People living with $2 per day)

Foreign Grant Dependency: 2%

Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.

Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.

Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing, etc.

Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.

Principal Minerals: Natural gas,oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.


Taka (BDT, Symbol = ৳)
1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and
# 50,25,10,5,1 in coins.

Labour Force:

Total: 54 million
Male: 38 million
Female: 16 million

Distribution of Labor:

Agriculture: 48.4 percent

Industry: 24.3 percent

Others: 27.3 percent

Transportation Methods: Road, Air, Rail, Waterways

Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli, and Mongla.

Historical Dates

Independence & National Day: 26th March

Victory Day: 16th December

Martyrs? Day: 21st February (also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)



Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox?s Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla.

Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox?s Bazar


Information Technology (IT)

  • Country Domain: .bd
  • Internet Penetration: 4.46 crores (29% of population)
  • Mobile Users: 12 crores, 37 lakhs (March 2015), Source:
  • Mobile Penetration: 80% of the population


Global Ranks of Bangladesh

  • 8th largest country in the world in terms of population
  • 4th largest country with Muslim population in the world and 3rd largest Muslim majority country
  • 7th most densely populated country in the world having more than 10 million population (Ref)
  • Situated on the Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world and also the largest wetland in the world
  • Cox?s Bazaar is the longest natural sandy sea beach in world
  • 2nd largest garments exporter in the world (Ref)
  • Largest producer of jute (2nd largest grower of vegetable fiber in the world)
  • Sundarbans (shared by Bangladesh and India) has the largest mangrove forest in the world

Contact Us

Bangladesh High Commission
03, R.G.Senanayake Mawatha (Gregory's Road )
Colombo 07, Sri Lanka
Tel: +94-11-269-5744/8
Fax: +94-11-269-5556

Copyright 2018 Bangladesh High Commission Colombo, Sri Lanka. All Rights Reserved.